Norway

Last updated on 20 December 2009.

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M1916
M1926
M103
M1931/35
Zuckerman
U.S. M1917 & M1917A1
Mk II
RAC Mk II
DR Mk I
M1935/40/42
Industrivern
Røde Kors
NSB
Politiet
Hæren
Luftforsvaret
M1958
Schuberth 826
RBR
Soldat 2000



The German M1916





Among the many types of helmets used by the German troops in Norway were small quantities of the M1916 with the I31 liner, the so-called transitional helmet of the early 1930's. Even these WWI veterans were reused by the Norwegians after the war. This one has become a new Norwegian made liner and chinstrap. The helmet band rivets have been replaced by new rivets with small, flat heads and washers. The helmet is stamped BF64 (Left side skirt) and R587 (Dome top).




The detail of the right side decal shows that the Norwegian lion decal has been replaced at least twice. The unpainted outline of the first decal can be seen. Then a second decal decal has been affixed, and then a third. All decals have different sizes. The second decal can be seen through the third decal and if you look closely, you can see that it has a slightly different design.




The Swedish M1926




Swedish M1926 helmets issued to Norwegian police troops (Polititropper), trained in Sweden during the later part of WWII in special camps, officially refugee camps. The Polititropper was a military force, equipped with Swedish equipment. At the German capitulation, the Polititropper, now 13.000 men strong, became half of the Allied 'occupation' force, the other half being British troops. The white "N" is painted on both sides of the helmet.

The helmet below right, is especially interesting in that is has "A.5107. A. Moe 24 Juli 1944." written on the front leather cushion of the liner.





A Swedish M1926 as used by the Norwegian Army.





And some M1926s apparently found their way to the Civil Defence. This one has a liner full of owner signatures!




The Swedish M103



The Swedish company Eskilstuna Stålpressnings A/B made a series of experimental helmets of which the Model 103 was one. The M103 was a cross between the Swedish M1926 and the Norwegian M1931. It was never put into series production. The helmets used for demonstration by the company were painted silver.



An Industrivern M103 with lighter yellow colour and painted rank stripe. This helmet has first been painted silver over the original dark green, and then yellow on the outside. The helmet belonged to the Aftenposten newspaper, whose logotype can be seen stamped below the chinstrap secure loops. The helmet is pencil marked with the name "Norheim". How this experimental helmet came to Aftenposten is a mystery.





The rather unusual liner of this helmet has a leather pad attached to two crossing bands in the crown. The bands and the rivets holding the pad can be seen in the picture below, as can the original dark green colour of the helmet.





The Norwegian M1931


The M1931 helmet is also known as the Baltic helmet. It was designed by the Swedish company Eskilstuna Stålpressning A/B, which also made the pre-production series of 100 helmets, that where tested by the Norwegian Army. Production was taken over by the Norwegian company Raufoss A/S.

 
A. Early type with three leather flaps liner. Each flap has a cloth cusion on the back, filled with horse hair. The chinstrap is attached to the liner band. The liner band is attached to the shell with three hollow rivets. The chinstrap is attached with two rivets. Later the construction was simplified, and the chinstrap rivets deleted. The first rivets had a semi-flat head, but where later replaced by hollow brass rivets.


Industrivern M1931 with black stencil. The stencil predates the later decal. Grey leather chinstrap. Original Army green colour inside.
Note that this particular helmet also has rivets for the chinstrap, i.e., the shell has five hollow rivets in all.




This M1931 was originally painted yellow but has got an post WWII Armed Forces green coat of paint over that. A single national decal in front is usually only seen on police helmets. The chinstrap is the simple civil defence webbing type.










Norwegian M1931 helmet, reissued to the Civil Defence (Sivilforsvaret). The yellow and black decal has three falling bombs over a crenelation. This one still has the original liner, but a simple grey webbing chinstrap. This is the simplified model with only three rivets. The chinstrap was now attached to the metal liner band.





Another Industrivern M1931, but this time with yellow and black decal. Note that this helmet does not have hollow rivets, but the first type of flat rivets.





A rare white Industrivern M1931. Under the white is green sawdust paint. The interior retains its original green colour, liner and chinstrap.







Here is a M1931 similar to that just above. It has a dark, blue-green-greyish colour which is very thin, very much like the burnish used on guns. The copper rivets and parts of the national emblem have received another coat of a more greenish paint. The brass emblem is attached to the helmet with five hollow copper rivets.
I am not sure what kind of helmet this is. According to the seller it may be a 1930's police helmet, but that is still to be confirmed.




B. Late type with top attached liner. The chinstrap is attached to the shell with rivets.


Here is another M1931 with white and black decal. It has the new type of liner. Leather chinstrap. The liner is the modern type, here with top attachment, like the Schuberth liner. Stamp inside shell says "II KR".




The Norwegian M1935


When the M1931 helmet was equipped with a national crest, it was redesignated the M1935. Anders Skötte tells that the national emblem was introducedas a means to get the soldiers not to wear the helmet backwards, which was a common problem. During the German occupation the national emblems where removed, thus making helmets still having the emblem very rare.

Here is an Army M1935. It has the original dark green paint inside. On the outside it has been overpainted a lighter green. Barely visible in this picture is the oval and the points, where the national lion emblem oval once was.






The British Zuckerman civil defence helmet




British Civil Defence helmet (Zuckerman) reissued to the Norwegian Civil Defence. The liner is attached with metal prongs in the original holes. The liner is otherwise similar to the one in the M1931 above. This liner is stamped "?? Ltd. 7 1/4" on the back of the head band. Another example is "A.C.P  7  194?", but stamped on the front of the head band.




The U.S. M1917 & M1917A1




A strange bird in Norwegian Civil Defence colours, this U.S. M1917A1 retains its original liner and chinstrap. The sawdust paint is still there, under the yellow coat of paint, and the inside of the dome is still olive drab. The shell is stamped 23C.






This battleship grey M1917 shell has got a Dutch size 58 liner and a broken Dutch chinstrap. The shell is stamped 23B. The outer surface has a dark green, handpainted pattern. This helmet was bought in Norway but I do not know its provenance. My guess would be that it has served with Sjøforsvaret (The Navy).




The British and Commonwealth Mk II





This is a Mk II helmet, refurbished in the Netherlands with Dutch liner and chinstrap, and issued to the Norwegian army after WWII. An interesting thing is that the 'female' part of the chinstrap catch has been mounted backwards! Maybe this is why this individual helmet seem to never have been used.
There are no markings whatsoever on shell or rim, but it is probably a South African Mk II. The picture below shows that the helmet has had three holes drilled in the rear part of the brim, to hold a neck flap. The chinstrap secure lugs are square, and the shell is circular, not oval, which also suggest South African origin.






Another Netherlands refurbished Mk II. This time a British one, stamped J.S.S. (John Sankey & Sons). Of the year stamp, only a "4" is legible. You can note the left decal is set askew. The Dutch liner and chinstrap are clearly visible in the picture below.





This is a Mk II No. 2C (Indicated by the three holes by the chinstrap secure lug rivets), that is a mild steel plate helmet, intended for the civil defence. The helmet was nevertheless reissued to the Norwegian army with a new Dutch liner and chinstrap. The shell is stamped "BMB 1941" (Briggs Motor Bodies Ltd.).





British Mk II helmet reissued to the Civil Defence. This one has no decal. The helmet is stamped BMB 1940, and has a Mk II chinstrap (Mk III chinstrap secure lugs).





Here is another British Mk II, but this time with Civil Defence decal in front. The helmet is stamped RO (The rest is obscured by the chinstrap secure lug, but that would be RO & Co.) 1939. Mk II chinstrap, Mk II secure lugs. The liner is of the top-mounted type, found in many CD helmets. Their origin is unknown to me.





A BMB 1940 Mk II reissued to the Industrivern. Note the typical pale yellow colour. This Mk II has a Mk III chinstrap. The liner is a TTC 1942 stamped size 7 one. The Rexin parts have been replaced by natural leather.





The British Royal Armoured Corps Mk II




The British RAC Mk II with liner Mk III. It has the original British dark brown paint inside.





This is also an RAC Mk II with Mk III liner. The chinstrap is the Mk IV type with quick release. This one has no decals. Interesting enough, it has only a thin brush painted Norwegian green over the original dark brown. As hopefully can be seen in this picture, the original white "MP" is visible through the paint. A very interesting helmet!



The British Despatch Rider's (DR) Helmet Mk I




This DR helmet has got a new coat of Norwegian green paint over the original dark olive green. The helmet retains its coarse sawdust structure, and that may be the reason for it having no Norwegian decals. The liner is stamped BMB 1944 7 3/4. I do not know the significance of the chalked "63" in the front.



The German M1935, M1940 and M1942






German M1935 reissued to a factory defence (Industrivern) unit. Yellow and black decal. Note the pale yellow colour of the Industrivern helmets, as opposed to the bright yellow of the Sivilforsvar. Many German helmets where destroyed by the Germans with pick-axe after the capitulation, and so was this. The first blow did not penetrate the shell, but the second did. The Norwegians, however, repaired the helmets and used them for civil defence purposes. The picture below shows a hammered-out large dent to the left, and the welded-shut hole to the right. The liner is Norwegian.
The shell is stamped SE62 and 3889.





Industrivern M1940 with original liner, dyed dark brown by the Norwegians. This helmet had not been destroyed. It is stamped Q64. Of the heat number, only a "8" is legible.





Another M1940. I do not know the significance of the two black stripes, but they probably denote some sort of rank. This shell is stamped ET66 and 346. It has an original, but red brown dyed liner.





An Industrivern M1942 with new Norwegian liner. This one has been pick-axed and then repaired. The maker stamp is not visible, and the heat number is 5C49 (The "C" is backwards).





Red Cross M1935 with original liner, dyed dark brown. It has had some black text in the front that has been grinded away. The Red Cross decals are on both sides of the helmet. The shell is stamped ET64 and 3819.





Here is a Red Cross M1940 with liner as the previous helmet. This one is stamped Q62 and DN110.





Right, you guessed it, this is a M1942 with liner as the other Red Cross helmets. The shell is stamped ckl62 and 40(?/8?/9?)53.





An M1942 used by the NSB (Norges Statsbaner, The Norwegian State Railways). This one bears the early black stencil, which was later replaced by a simple square decal. The only visible stamp in the shell is part of the heat number - 518. The helmet has a Norwegian liner.







A black M1935 of the police (Politiet) with national decal. The helmet has an original, but red-brown dyed liner. The shell is an ET66, with heat number 2743.







This beautiful Army M1935 has a Norwegian liner. Note that the decals are of two different types. The shell is stamped Q62 and 4579.





A German M1940 reissued to the Norwegian Army. Coat-of-arms decal on both sides of the helmet. Original, but brown-dyed liner. The shell is stamped ET62 and 448.





And here is a German M1942 also reissued to the Army. Original but brown-dyed liner. The shell is stamped NS66 and D432.


 
 

This M1935 is not in the best condition. It is stamped Q62 and 3168. It has an original German liner, but dyed red-brown.





An M1940 with the decal of the Luftforsvaret (Air Force). The decal is only applied to the left side. The shell is stamped Q64 and T738. It has a size 57, Norwegian made liner.





Here is an M1942. The shell is stamped ET66 and 1536. The size 59 liner is Norwegian made.










Here are four decals, cut from a larger sheet. To the right is the instruction text on the back of each decal. It reads: 'Moisten the decal in lukewarm water for about 1 minute. Slide the decal a bit off the paper and place that part on the helmet. Pull the paper away. Press the decal in place and let it dry.'
  Three Air Force decals with protective paper.




 


The M1958 helmet

In 1959 it was decided that the Norwegian armed forces would be issued with a new helmet of the U.S. M1 type, according to the MIL-H-1988 standard. The new helmet was to replace the various German and British helmets, then in use.
Most M1958 shells seem to have been procured from Austrian maker Heinrich Ulbricht's Witwe, Schwanenstadt, and the liners from Danish maker Dansk Kunststof Industri.



Two shells showing the difference in colour and texture, that can be found on the Norwegian helmets. The one to the left is most common. The one to the right is a slightly darker green.

Below is the maker stamp in the back of mosts shells.


Ulbricht's Witwe, Schwanenstadt, 1973.

The plastic liner. Note the webbing chinstrap. To distinguish them from Danish liners, look for the stamp on one of the bands of the crown. I know of "HÆREN" (Army) and "SJØFORSVARET" (Navy) and "LUFTFORSVARET" (Air Force) stamps. This stamp is usually censored by black felt marker pen on military surplus helmets. The picture below shows, however hard to see, the stamp for the Sjøforsvaret (Naval forces).





Military Police M1958 liner. The MP helmets come in several different colour combinations, that surely must have some significance. Please let me know what the different colours mean, if they do mean anything.
Vice Corporal Svensen has written his name on the head band. The liner is made of dark blue-grey plastic.







This is another MP helmet. I am not 100% sure it is Norwegian, it may be Danish. There are no markings of any kind inside. The liner is green plastic, painted white on the outside.





The M1994(?) helmet


In 1994 Norwegian troops started being issued with the Schuberth 826 helmet. This specimen is an overpainted U.N. helmet.






The RBR ballistic helmet


This helmet has also been used by Norway.  These RBR and similar Tetranike helmets were used by Norwegian peacekeepers in Bosnia.

 




The Soldat 2000 (M2000) helmet




There are no markings in the shell, just handwriting, barely visible under the paint inside: 1.2.3-263 and 16.02-00, the latter is probably the production date.
The simple, but very comfortable, liner is marked: Cato Ringstad a.s TEPEX® Anti-Ballistic. The shell is made by the Norwegian company Cato Composites, which is a branch of Cato Ringstad A/S.  The commercial designation is TEPEX® antiballistic 302. TEPEX is an Aramid composite.
This is probably a trials model. It seems like exactly the same helmet was offered to Austria as well.






The new Soldat 2000 (Soldier 2000) helmet replaces the Schuberth helmet. It has the typical visor-less design of today's helmets. This helmet is very similar to the one above. The shape is slightly different and the chinstrap is different. The label inside says 'Hjelm "Cato"'. This one was produced 11-09-2002. The Norwegian Defence has ordered 99 000 of these helmets, and they where delivered between 2000 and 2003.

 

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